Browse Source

added AWS ELB load balancer example

master
Sebastian Rieger 4 months ago
parent
commit
b57c26adbf
  1. 5
      example-projects/demo3-microservice-in-aws.py
  2. 133
      example-projects/demo4-scale-out-lb-in-aws-destroy.py
  3. 382
      example-projects/demo4-scale-out-lb-in-aws.py

5
example-projects/demo3-microservice-in-aws.py

@ -66,7 +66,10 @@ def main():
#
###########################################################################
print("Fetching images (AMI) list from AWS region. This will take a lot of seconds (AWS has a very long list of "
"supported operating systems and versions)... please be patient...")
images = conn.list_images()
# image = ''
# for img in images:
# # if img.name == ubuntu_image_name:
@ -74,6 +77,8 @@ def main():
# print(img)
# if img.id == ubuntu_image_name:
# image = img
# fetch/select the image referenced with ubuntu_image_name above
image = [i for i in images if i.name == ubuntu_image_name][0]
print(image)

133
example-projects/demo4-scale-out-lb-in-aws-destroy.py

@ -0,0 +1,133 @@
# import getpass
# import os
# import libcloud.security
import time
from libcloud.compute.base import NodeImage
from libcloud.compute.base import NodeState
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver as compute_get_driver
from libcloud.compute.types import Provider as compute_Provider
from libcloud.loadbalancer.base import Member, Algorithm
from libcloud.loadbalancer.types import Provider as loadbalancer_Provider
from libcloud.loadbalancer.providers import get_driver as loadbalancer_get_driver
# reqs:
# services: EC2 (nova, glance, neutron)
# resources: 2 instances, 2 elastic ips (1 keypair, 2 security groups)
# The image to look for and use for the started instance
# ubuntu_image_name = 'ubuntu/images/hvm-ssd/ubuntu-bionic-18.04-amd64-server-20200408'
ubuntu_image_id = "ami-085925f297f89fce1" # local ami id for resent ubuntu 18.04 20200408 in us-west-1
# The public key to be used for SSH connection, please make sure, that you have the corresponding private key
#
# id_rsa.pub should look like this (standard sshd pubkey format):
# ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEAw+J...F3w2mleybgT1w== user@HOSTNAME
keypair_name = 'srieger-pub'
pub_key_file = '~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub'
flavor_name = 't2.nano'
# default region
# region_name = 'eu-central-1'
# region_name = 'ap-south-1'
# AWS Educate only allows us-east-1 see our AWS classroom at https://www.awseducate.com
# e.g., https://www.awseducate.com/student/s/launch-classroom?classroomId=a1v3m000005mNm6AAE
region_name = 'us-east-1'
def main():
###########################################################################
#
# get credentials
#
###########################################################################
# see AWS Educate classroom, Account Details
# access_id = getpass.win_getpass("Enter your access_id:")
# secret_key = getpass.win_getpass("Enter your secret_key:")
# session_token = getpass.win_getpass("Enter your session_token:")
# access_id = "ASIAU..."
# secret_key = "7lafW..."
# session_token = "IQoJb3JpZ...EMb//..."
access_id = "ASIA5ML7..."
secret_key = "76lAjn..."
session_token = "IQoJb3JpZ2luX2VjEBc..."
###########################################################################
#
# delete load balancer (Amazon AWS ELB)
#
###########################################################################
elb_provider = loadbalancer_get_driver(loadbalancer_Provider.ELB)
elb_conn = elb_provider(access_id,
secret_key,
token=session_token,
region=region_name)
print("Deleting previously created load balancers in: " + str(elb_conn.list_balancers()))
for loadbalancer in elb_conn.list_balancers():
if loadbalancer.name == "lb1":
elb_conn.destroy_balancer(loadbalancer)
###########################################################################
#
# create EC2 connection
#
###########################################################################
provider = compute_get_driver(compute_Provider.EC2)
conn = provider(key=access_id,
secret=secret_key,
token=session_token,
region=region_name)
###########################################################################
#
# clean up resources from previous demos
#
###########################################################################
# destroy running demo instances
for instance in conn.list_nodes():
if instance.name in ['all-in-one', 'app-worker-1', 'app-worker-2', 'app-worker-3', 'app-controller',
'app-services', 'app-api-1', 'app-api-2']:
if instance.state is not NodeState.TERMINATED:
print('Destroying Instance: %s' % instance.name)
conn.destroy_node(instance)
# wait until all nodes are destroyed to be able to remove depended security groups
nodes_still_running = True
while nodes_still_running:
nodes_still_running = False
time.sleep(3)
instances = conn.list_nodes()
for instance in instances:
# if we see any demo instances still running continue to wait for them to stop
if instance.name in ['all-in-one', 'app-worker-1', 'app-worker-2', 'app-controller', 'app-services']:
if instance.state is not NodeState.TERMINATED:
nodes_still_running = True
print('There are still instances running, waiting for them to be destroyed...')
# delete security groups, respecting dependencies (hence deleting 'control' and 'services' first)
for group in conn.ex_list_security_groups():
if group in ['control', 'services']:
print('Deleting security group: %s' % group)
conn.ex_delete_security_group(group)
# now we can delete security groups 'api' and 'worker', as 'control' and 'api' depended on them, otherwise AWS will
# throw DependencyViolation: resource has a dependent object
for group in conn.ex_list_security_groups():
if group in ['api', 'worker']:
print('Deleting security group: %s' % group)
conn.ex_delete_security_group(group)
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()

382
example-projects/demo4-scale-out-lb-in-aws.py

@ -0,0 +1,382 @@
# import getpass
# import os
# import libcloud.security
import time
from libcloud.compute.base import NodeImage
from libcloud.compute.base import NodeState
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver as compute_get_driver
from libcloud.compute.types import Provider as compute_Provider
from libcloud.loadbalancer.base import Member, Algorithm
from libcloud.loadbalancer.types import Provider as loadbalancer_Provider
from libcloud.loadbalancer.providers import get_driver as loadbalancer_get_driver
# reqs:
# services: EC2 (nova, glance, neutron)
# resources: 2 instances, 2 elastic ips (1 keypair, 2 security groups)
# The image to look for and use for the started instance
# ubuntu_image_name = 'ubuntu/images/hvm-ssd/ubuntu-bionic-18.04-amd64-server-20200408'
ubuntu_image_id = "ami-085925f297f89fce1" # local ami id for resent ubuntu 18.04 20200408 in us-west-1
# The public key to be used for SSH connection, please make sure, that you have the corresponding private key
#
# id_rsa.pub should look like this (standard sshd pubkey format):
# ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEAw+J...F3w2mleybgT1w== user@HOSTNAME
keypair_name = 'srieger-pub'
pub_key_file = '~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub'
flavor_name = 't2.nano'
# default region
# region_name = 'eu-central-1'
# region_name = 'ap-south-1'
# AWS Educate only allows us-east-1 see our AWS classroom at https://www.awseducate.com
# e.g., https://www.awseducate.com/student/s/launch-classroom?classroomId=a1v3m000005mNm6AAE
region_name = 'us-east-1'
def main():
###########################################################################
#
# get credentials
#
###########################################################################
# see AWS Educate classroom, Account Details
# access_id = getpass.win_getpass("Enter your access_id:")
# secret_key = getpass.win_getpass("Enter your secret_key:")
# session_token = getpass.win_getpass("Enter your session_token:")
# access_id = "ASIAU..."
# secret_key = "7lafW..."
# session_token = "IQoJb3JpZ...EMb//..."
access_id = "ASIA..."
secret_key = "76lAj..."
session_token = "IQoJ..."
###########################################################################
#
# create connection
#
###########################################################################
provider = compute_get_driver(compute_Provider.EC2)
conn = provider(key=access_id,
secret=secret_key,
token=session_token,
region=region_name)
###########################################################################
#
# get image, flavor, network for instance creation
#
###########################################################################
# print("Fetching images (AMI) list from AWS region. This will take a lot of seconds (AWS has a very long list of "
# "supported operating systems and versions)... please be patient...")
# images = conn.list_images()
# fetch/select the image referenced with ubuntu_image_name above
# image = [i for i in images if i.name == ubuntu_image_name][0]
# print(image)
# selecting the image based on defined AMI id
image = NodeImage(id=ubuntu_image_id, name=None, driver=conn)
flavors = conn.list_sizes()
flavor = [s for s in flavors if s.id == flavor_name][0]
print(flavor)
# networks = conn.ex_list_networks()
# network = ''
# for net in networks:
# if net.name == project_network:
# network = net
###########################################################################
#
# create keypair dependency
#
###########################################################################
print('Checking for existing SSH key pair...')
keypair_exists = False
for keypair in conn.list_key_pairs():
if keypair.name == keypair_name:
keypair_exists = True
if keypair_exists:
print('Keypair ' + keypair_name + ' already exists. Skipping import.')
else:
print('adding keypair...')
conn.import_key_pair_from_file(keypair_name, pub_key_file)
for keypair in conn.list_key_pairs():
print(keypair)
###########################################################################
#
# clean up resources from previous demos
#
###########################################################################
# destroy running demo instances
for instance in conn.list_nodes():
if instance.name in ['all-in-one', 'app-worker-1', 'app-worker-2', 'app-worker-3', 'app-controller',
'app-services', 'app-api-1', 'app-api-2']:
if instance.state is not NodeState.TERMINATED:
print('Destroying Instance: %s' % instance.name)
conn.destroy_node(instance)
# wait until all nodes are destroyed to be able to remove depended security groups
nodes_still_running = True
while nodes_still_running:
nodes_still_running = False
time.sleep(3)
instances = conn.list_nodes()
for instance in instances:
# if we see any demo instances still running continue to wait for them to stop
if instance.name in ['all-in-one', 'app-worker-1', 'app-worker-2', 'app-controller', 'app-services']:
if instance.state is not NodeState.TERMINATED:
nodes_still_running = True
print('There are still instances running, waiting for them to be destroyed...')
# delete security groups, respecting dependencies (hence deleting 'control' and 'services' first)
for group in conn.ex_list_security_groups():
if group in ['control', 'services']:
print('Deleting security group: %s' % group)
conn.ex_delete_security_group(group)
# now we can delete security groups 'api' and 'worker', as 'control' and 'api' depended on them, otherwise AWS will
# throw DependencyViolation: resource has a dependent object
for group in conn.ex_list_security_groups():
if group in ['api', 'worker']:
print('Deleting security group: %s' % group)
conn.ex_delete_security_group(group)
###########################################################################
#
# create security group dependency
#
###########################################################################
def get_security_group(connection, security_group_name):
"""A helper function to check if security group already exists"""
print('Checking for existing ' + security_group_name + ' security group...')
for security_grp in connection.ex_list_security_groups():
if security_grp == security_group_name:
print('Security Group ' + security_group_name + ' already exists. Skipping creation.')
return security_grp['group_id']
return False
if not get_security_group(conn, "api"):
api_security_group_result = conn.ex_create_security_group('api', 'for API services only')
api_security_group_id = api_security_group_result['group_id']
conn.ex_authorize_security_group_ingress(api_security_group_id, 22, 22, cidr_ips=['0.0.0.0/0'],
protocol='tcp')
conn.ex_authorize_security_group_ingress(api_security_group_id, 80, 80, cidr_ips=['0.0.0.0/0'],
protocol='tcp')
else:
api_security_group_id = get_security_group(conn, "api")
if not get_security_group(conn, "worker"):
worker_security_group_result = conn.ex_create_security_group('worker', 'for services that run on a worker node')
worker_security_group_id = worker_security_group_result['group_id']
conn.ex_authorize_security_group_ingress(worker_security_group_id, 22, 22, cidr_ips=['0.0.0.0/0'],
protocol='tcp')
else:
worker_security_group_id = get_security_group(conn, "worker")
if not get_security_group(conn, "control"):
controller_security_group_result = conn.ex_create_security_group('control',
'for services that run on a control node')
controller_security_group_id = controller_security_group_result['group_id']
conn.ex_authorize_security_group_ingress(controller_security_group_id, 22, 22, cidr_ips=['0.0.0.0/0'],
protocol='tcp')
conn.ex_authorize_security_group_ingress(controller_security_group_id, 80, 80, cidr_ips=['0.0.0.0/0'],
protocol='tcp')
conn.ex_authorize_security_group_ingress(controller_security_group_id, 5672, 5672,
group_pairs=[{'group_id': worker_security_group_id}], protocol='tcp')
else:
controller_security_group_id = get_security_group(conn, "control")
if not get_security_group(conn, "services"):
services_security_group_result = conn.ex_create_security_group('services', 'for DB and AMQP services only')
services_security_group_id = services_security_group_result['group_id']
conn.ex_authorize_security_group_ingress(services_security_group_id, 22, 22, cidr_ips=['0.0.0.0/0'],
protocol='tcp')
conn.ex_authorize_security_group_ingress(services_security_group_id, 3306, 3306, cidr_ips=['0.0.0.0/0'],
group_pairs=[{'group_id': api_security_group_id}], protocol='tcp')
conn.ex_authorize_security_group_ingress(services_security_group_id, 5672, 5672,
group_pairs=[{'group_id': worker_security_group_id}], protocol='tcp')
conn.ex_authorize_security_group_ingress(services_security_group_id, 5672, 5672,
group_pairs=[{'group_id': api_security_group_id}], protocol='tcp')
else:
services_security_group_id = get_security_group(conn, "services")
for security_group in conn.ex_list_security_groups():
print(security_group)
###########################################################################
#
# create app-services instance (database & messaging) (Amazon AWS EC2)
#
###########################################################################
# https://git.openstack.org/cgit/openstack/faafo/plain/contrib/install.sh
# is currently broken, hence the "rabbitctl" lines were added in the example
# below, see also https://bugs.launchpad.net/faafo/+bug/1679710
#
# Thanks to Stefan Friedmann for finding this fix ;)
userdata_service = '''#!/usr/bin/env bash
curl -L -s https://gogs.informatik.hs-fulda.de/srieger/cloud-computing-msc-ai-examples/raw/master/faafo/contrib/install.sh | bash -s -- \
-i database -i messaging
rabbitmqctl add_user faafo guest
rabbitmqctl set_user_tags faafo administrator
rabbitmqctl set_permissions -p / faafo ".*" ".*" ".*"
'''
print('Starting new app-services instance and wait until it is running...')
instance_services = conn.create_node(name='app-services',
image=image,
size=flavor,
ex_keyname=keypair_name,
ex_userdata=userdata_service,
ex_security_groups=["services"])
instance_services = conn.wait_until_running(nodes=[instance_services], timeout=120, ssh_interface='public_ips')
services_ip = instance_services[0][0].private_ips[0]
###########################################################################
#
# create app-api instances (Amazon AWS EC2)
#
###########################################################################
userdata_api = '''#!/usr/bin/env bash
curl -L -s https://gogs.informatik.hs-fulda.de/srieger/cloud-computing-msc-ai-examples/raw/master/faafo/contrib/install.sh | bash -s -- \
-i faafo -r api -m 'amqp://faafo:guest@%(services_ip)s:5672/' \
-d 'mysql+pymysql://faafo:password@%(services_ip)s:3306/faafo'
''' % {'services_ip': services_ip}
print('Starting new app-api-1 instance and wait until it is running...')
instance_api_1 = conn.create_node(name='app-api-1',
image=image,
size=flavor,
ex_keyname=keypair_name,
ex_userdata=userdata_api,
ex_security_groups=["api"])
print('Starting new app-api-2 instance and wait until it is running...')
instance_api_2 = conn.create_node(name='app-api-2',
image=image,
size=flavor,
ex_keyname=keypair_name,
ex_userdata=userdata_api,
ex_security_groups=["api"])
instance_api_1 = conn.wait_until_running(nodes=[instance_api_1], timeout=120, ssh_interface='public_ips')
api_1_ip = instance_api_1[0][0].private_ips[0]
instance_api_2 = conn.wait_until_running(nodes=[instance_api_2], timeout=120, ssh_interface='public_ips')
api_2_ip = instance_api_2[0][0].private_ips[0]
###########################################################################
#
# create worker instances (Amazon AWS EC2)
#
###########################################################################
userdata_worker = '''#!/usr/bin/env bash
curl -L -s https://gogs.informatik.hs-fulda.de/srieger/cloud-computing-msc-ai-examples/raw/master/faafo/contrib/install.sh | bash -s -- \
-i faafo -r worker -e 'http://%(api_1_ip)s' -m 'amqp://faafo:guest@%(services_ip)s:5672/'
''' % {'api_1_ip': api_1_ip, 'services_ip': services_ip}
# userdata_api-api-2 = '''#!/usr/bin/env bash
# curl -L -s https://gogs.informatik.hs-fulda.de/srieger/cloud-computing-msc-ai-examples/raw/master/faafo/contrib/install.sh | bash -s -- \
# -i faafo -r worker -e 'http://%(api_2_ip)s' -m 'amqp://faafo:guest@%(services_ip)s:5672/'
# ''' % {'api_2_ip': api_2_ip, 'services_ip': services_ip}
print('Starting new app-worker-1 instance and wait until it is running...')
instance_worker_1 = conn.create_node(name='app-worker-1',
image=image, size=flavor,
ex_keyname=keypair_name,
ex_userdata=userdata_worker,
ex_security_groups=["worker"])
print('Starting new app-worker-2 instance and wait until it is running...')
instance_worker_2 = conn.create_node(name='app-worker-2',
image=image, size=flavor,
ex_keyname=keypair_name,
ex_userdata=userdata_worker,
ex_security_groups=["worker"])
# do not start worker 3 initially, can be started using scale-out-add-worker.py demo
# print('Starting new app-worker-3 instance and wait until it is running...')
# instance_worker_3 = conn.create_node(name='app-worker-3',
# image=image, size=flavor,
# networks=[network],
# ex_keyname=keypair_name,
# ex_userdata=userdata_worker,
# ex_security_groups=[worker_security_group])
print(instance_worker_1)
print(instance_worker_2)
# print(instance_worker_3)
###########################################################################
#
# create load balancer (Amazon AWS ELB)
#
###########################################################################
elb_provider = loadbalancer_get_driver(loadbalancer_Provider.ELB)
elb_conn = elb_provider(access_id,
secret_key,
token=session_token,
region=region_name)
print("Deleting previously created load balancers in: " + str(elb_conn.list_balancers()))
for loadbalancer in elb_conn.list_balancers():
if loadbalancer.name == "lb1":
elb_conn.destroy_balancer(loadbalancer)
# get suffix (a, b, c, ...) from all availability zones, available in the selected region
all_availability_zones_in_region = []
for az in conn.ex_list_availability_zones():
all_availability_zones_in_region.append(az.name[-1])
# create new load balancer
# example uses "classic" ELB with default HTTP health. monitor, you can see the result in the EC2 console, after
# running this script
new_load_balancer = elb_conn.create_balancer(
name='lb1',
algorithm=Algorithm.ROUND_ROBIN,
port=80,
protocol='http',
members=[],
ex_members_availability_zones=all_availability_zones_in_region)
# attach api instances as members to load balancer
elb_conn.balancer_attach_compute_node(balancer=new_load_balancer, node=instance_api_1[0][0])
elb_conn.balancer_attach_compute_node(balancer=new_load_balancer, node=instance_api_2[0][0])
print("Created load balancer: " + str(new_load_balancer))
# wait for the load balancer to be ready
while new_load_balancer.state != 2:
time.sleep(3)
new_load_balancer = elb_conn.get_balancer(new_load_balancer.id)
print("\n\nYou can see the instances created in EC2 in AWS Console. You'll also find the load balancer under ELB "
"there.\n"
" You can access the faafo application deployed to the loadbalancer at: http://" + new_load_balancer.ip +
" as soon as instances are detected to be deployed and healthy by the load balancer.")
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()
Loading…
Cancel
Save